JACKSON, Miss. – The University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy presented four faculty and researchers awards for their excellence in and commitment to research, teaching and service at its annual faculty retreat on June 14.
“We are fortunate at our school to have talented faculty and scientists committed to our mission, so it’s a privilege to award them for their outstanding efforts,” said David D. Allen, dean of the School of Pharmacy.
OXFORD, Miss. – Austin Fitts and Mary Paige Thrash, both rising second-year professional students at the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, were named recipients of the Gateway to Research Scholarship by the American Foundation for Pharmaceutical Education.
The award provides students an opportunity to work on faculty-mentored research projects while improving the students’ knowledge of clinical skills.
OXFORD, Miss. – Just keep watching – that’s the best advice for witnessing the soon-to-blossom, towering titan arum housed in the atrium of the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy’s Faser Hall. The odd-looking plant, which has the largest unbranched flower cluster in the world, is expected to bloom any hour now.
When it does, the 5-foot-tall flowering plant (Amorphophallus titanum) will appear even more otherworldly, with its now-lime-green spathe unfolding to display a dark burgundy. The species also emits a decomposing flesh odor when it blooms, a smell intended to attract pollinators but a putrid smell nonetheless that has earned titan arum the nickname “corpse flower” or “corpse plant.”
OXFORD, Miss. – Alexandria Gochenauer, a student at the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, was named one of the winners of the International Academy of Compounding Pharmacists’ Spring Writing Competition.
The winning essay has also been accepted for publication in the July/August issue of the International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding.
OXFORD, Miss. – It’s a fear for children that monsters reside under the bed. But those monsters could be living on the mattress or in the sheets. They’re called bed bugs.
However, scientists with the National Center for Natural Products Research at the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy are searching for a natural remedy to stop the insect from not only biting, but growing in rapid numbers.
JACKSON, Miss. – Imagine, if you will, a place where medical students and pharmacy students give up their Saturdays to work collegially, teach and learn from each other, and provide uninsured patients with vital medical care. That place is the Jackson Free Clinic (JFC) in Jackson, Miss.
The clinic is a nonprofit organization run by students at the University of Mississippi Medical Center. Its mission is to provide high-quality health services — including exams, treatment, testing, prescription medications, education, and preventive care — to uninsured community members. The JFC also provides an innovative environment where pharmacy students can demonstrate the value pharmacists bring to an interdisciplinary care team.
JACKSON, Miss. – When Elizabeth Hargrove decided to study pharmacy at the University of Mississippi, she entered the program more familiar with the profession than most.
OXFORD, Miss. – Ashley Crumby, a University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy graduate student, was named a recipient of the Pre-Doctoral Fellowship in Pharmaceutical Sciences given by the American Foundation for Pharmaceutical Education.
Crumby will use her fellowship to continue research for her dissertation entitled “Valuation of mentorship in pharmacy education and the impact of perceived involvement,” as she measures the value student pharmacists place on mentorship.
OXFORD, Miss. – Scott Malinowski, clinical assistant professor of pharmacy practice at the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, was inducted into the Norman C. Nelson Order of Teaching Excellence at the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson on May 7.
Named for Norman C. Nelson, who served as UMMC’s vice chancellor for health affairs for 21 years, the award honors faculty members from each of UMMC’s six schools. Awardees are selected based on their dedication to students through innovative teaching, engagement, mentorship and setting expectations for professional behavior.
OXFORD, Miss. – Cameron Hammers, an incoming freshman in the Early Entry program at the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, has won a $10,000 Allstate Sugar Bowl Scholarship from the Allstate Sugar Bowl Chapter of the National Football Foundation and College Football Hall of Fame.
Archie Manning, the foundation’s national chairman, honored 36 high school football players from the New Orleans area for their academic and athletic achievements. Hammers was among six of these students who were then chosen to receive a $10,000 scholarship based on essays they submitted.
OXFORD, Miss. – Marc Slattery was a little conflicted about being honored for his research achievement at the University of Mississippi.
Slattery, a professor of biomolecular sciences in the School of Pharmacy and research professor in the Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, was named the 2018 recipient of the Distinguished Research and Creative Achievement Award during the university’s 165th Commencement ceremonies Saturday (May 12) in the Grove.
OXFORD, Miss. – Three University of Mississippi faculty members were appointed as Distinguished Professors during the spring faculty meeting Friday (May 11) in Fulton Chapel.
The honorees are John Daigle, director of the Center for Wireless Communications and professor of electrical engineering; Donald Dyer, associate dean for faculty and academic affairs in the College of Liberal Arts and professor of Russian and linguistics; and Ikhlas A. Khan, director of the National Center for Natural Products Research and professor of pharmacognosy.
OXFORD, Miss. – A mortar and pestle; a balance; a graduated cylinder; species jars; faience or majolica drug jars; eye-wash cups; Bowls of Hygeia fashioned into ornate candelabra; pill bottles labeled opium, poison and heroin; and various show globes that once contained elixirs, tonics, powders and other medicines.
These pharmaceutical artifacts line the shelves at the entrance to the dean’s office in the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy. They were a gift from UM alumnus Anthony S. Vazzana of Leland, Mississippi, and are now on permanent display as treasures of an era past.
OXFORD, Miss. – In May 1987, Dolly Mah graduated from the University of Mississippi with her Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy and began working as a staff pharmacist at Baptist Memorial Hospital in Memphis.
Thirty-one years later, Mah, now Dolly Lock, will again attend the Ole Miss School of Pharmacy graduation ceremony, this time for her two daughters.
OXFORD, Miss. – Ann Fairly Barnett, a University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy graduate student, received the Student Training Exchange Opportunity award from the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry.
The award will allow Barnett to conduct research in the Shoemaker Toxicology Laboratory at the University of Southern Mississippi’s Gulf Coast Research Laboratory in Ocean Springs this summer under the guidance of Joe Griffitt, chair of USM’s Division of Coastal Sciences and associate director of its School of Ocean Science and Technology.
OXFORD, Miss. – A team of three School of Pharmacy students placed first in the formulations portion of the eighth annual National Student Pharmacist Compounding Competition and sixth overall, in what was Ole Miss Pharmacy’s first ever appearance in the competition in Aventura, Florida in March.
The team consisted of third-year student pharmacists Alexandria Gochenauer, Mary O’Keefe and Emily Lewis.
OXFORD, Miss. – Alex Gochenauer and Erin Hoevelmann, both University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy students, were each named recipients of the Pharmacists Mutual Community Pharmacy Scholarship.
Gochenauer and Hoevelmann were selected based on their interest in practicing pharmacy in an independent setting, a community setting or in an underserved community. The scholarship is given to just 20 recipients each year nationwide.
April 29, 2018
JACKSON, Miss. – The UM School of Pharmacy’s Division of Pharmacy Professional Development has created a new online portal for continuing professional development programs at pharmacycpd.org.
The DPPD spent the past year developing the site that will deliver online educational programs to pharmacists and pharmacy technicians. The online offerings will help combat the cost of conference travel and time away from work, contributing to practice advancement in Mississippi and beyond.
OXFORD, Miss. – The University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy pioneered the Early Entry program to offer high school seniors early acceptance into the professional pharmacy program more than 20 years ago, and it has become a model for numerous similar programs across the country.
One of the most popular aspects of the program is its Living-Learning Community, which allows freshman Early Entry students to live on the same floor of a residence hall. This option allows first-year Early Entry students, known as EE1s, to form a community with classmates they will study alongside for the next seven years.
OXFORD, Miss. – Third-year student pharmacist Mallory Pullman, a native of Pearlington, Mississippi, was named a 2018 Walmart Scholar by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Walmart Scholars Program.
The honor and accompanying $1,000 scholarship are given to student pharmacists who are committed to a career in academic pharmacy.
JACKSON, Miss. – Meghan Wagner isn’t taking the traditional route to raise money for Friends of Children’s Hospital. The University of Mississippi third-year student pharmacist is rappelling down a 14-story building instead.
Wagner, from Grenada, will rappel down the Trustmark corporate office building in downtown Jackson on April 21 as part of the Over the Edge event, for which she has raised over $1,000. Friends of Children’s Hospital is hosting the event to support Batson Children’s Hospital, and the organization is aiming to raise $200,000.
OXFORD, Miss. – The use of nanotechnology in the diagnosis, imaging and treatment of human diseases is the topic of the University of Mississippi’s next monthly Science Cafe.
Chalet Tan, associate professor of pharmaceutics and drug delivery and research associate professor in UM’s Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, will discuss “NanoMedicine: Less is More” Tuesday (April 24) at the fourth and final Science Cafe of the semester. The meeting is set for 6 p.m. at Lusa Bakery Bistro and Bar, 1120 North Lamar Blvd. Admission is free.
OXFORD, Miss. – University of Mississippi fourth-year student pharmacists Austin Morrison and Taylor Loper will have their research poster displayed at the Rowland Medical Library in April after winning the University of Mississippi Medical Center’s Research Poster Competition for March.
Morrison’s and Loper’s winning poster is titled “Impact of Total Body Weight on Clinical Outcomes of Obese Patients Treated with Beta-Iactams.” The UM School of Pharmacy students focused their research on how two common hospital antibiotics, ceftriaxone and cefepime, affect the body in obese versus non-obese patients.
OXFORD, Miss. – Scientists and visitors from around the globe gathered in Oxford this week (April 9-12) for the 18th annual International Conference on the Science of Botanicals.
Organized and hosted by the National Center for Natural Products Research at the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, the conference welcomed 280 registrants from universities, government and business institutions who explored the topic of synergy between natural products and human health. Participants discussed current research topics related to natural products research, development, safety, quality and regulations.
JACKSON, Miss. – Seena Haines, chair of the Department of Pharmacy Practice at the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, has been elected a Distinguished Practitioner and Fellow of National Academies of Practice in Pharmacy, a subgroup of NAP.
Fellowship in NAP is reserved for those who have spent 10 or more years of their career in the practice and delivery of health care services and who are judged by their peers to have made enduring contributions to their professions.
OXFORD, Miss. – The University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy is providing university freshmen a new way to secure their spot in its professional pharmacy program with the Sophomore Advanced Standing Program.
The program allows qualified UM freshmen to earn a guaranteed seat in the School of Pharmacy’s professional program, thereby avoiding the competitive selection process for regular entry admission that normally occurs during a pre-pharmacy major’s junior year. Upon completion of three years of pre-pharmacy courses and one year of professional courses, students also will receive a Bachelor of Science in Pharmaceutical Sciences.
OXFORD, Miss. – While many high school students’ summers consist of summer jobs and waiting for vacation, the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy is offering them a way to jumpstart their college and professional careers by participating in the UM Summer College Pre-Pharmacy Program.
During this four-week program running from June 27-July 27, prospective School of Pharmacy students experience university life and begin earning college credits at Ole Miss. Attendees will participate in exciting hands-on projects and pharmacy site visits, live in Ole Miss dorms and explore the Oxford community.
OXFORD, Miss. – Five University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy students each presented their own research at the recent American Pharmacists Association annual meeting in Nashville, Tennessee.
OXFORD, Miss. – State senator, state representative, pharmacist and UM alum – of all Percy Malone’s (BSPH 65) titles, the one he is most proud of is advocate.
The former Arkansas state senator and 1965 pharmacy graduate is the School of Pharmacy’s 2018 Alumnus of the Year. He has spent his career fighting to represent the interests of those who may be otherwise overlooked – namely children, sick or incapacitated people and those living below the poverty line.
OXFORD, Miss. – Regan Tyler, a third-year student at the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, was elected as Phi Lambda Sigma’s Speaker of the House during the organization’s national meeting, held in conjunction with the American Pharmacists Association annual meeting Mar. 16-19 in Nashville, Tennessee.
Phi Lambda Sigma is a pharmacy leadership society that aims to develop leadership qualities among student pharmacists in order to strengthen the future of the pharmacy profession.
OXFORD, Miss. – Alex Gochenauer, third-year student at the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, was awarded the American College of Apothecaries Presidential Scholarship for Academic and Leadership Excellence.
The $500 scholarship honors student pharmacists interested in independent pharmacy based on their leadership qualities, accomplishments and involvement in extracurricular activities. ACA also invited winners to the annual conference earlier last month to accept the scholarship.
OXFORD, Miss. – Blake Thompson, the 2018 Hartman lecturer for the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, surprised a crowd of student pharmacists, faculty, friends and family at the March 9 lecture by offering to cover a semester’s worth of tuition for one student.
Thompson, a UM alumnus who is vice president for government affairs at Ohio State University, delivered a lecture focused on the importance of taking career risks. To demonstrate, he asked any student to come onstage and speak to the nearly-full Gertrude C. Ford Center for the Performing Arts about his or her own career goals.
OXFORD, Miss. – Over 20 years ago, the Ole Miss School of Pharmacy pioneered the Early Entry program to offer high school seniors early acceptance into the professional pharmacy program. Since then, the Early Entry program has become a model for numerous similar programs across the country.
Through the program, high-performing high school seniors apply to secure their spot in the Ole Miss School of Pharmacy’s Pharm.D. program. If accepted, they will not have to go through the competitive application process that normally would occur during a pre-pharmacy major’s junior year.
OXFORD, Miss. – The Department of Pharmaceutics and Drug Delivery at the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy is offering a new non-thesis track master’s program this fall that will focus on preparing students with a science or engineering background to work in the pharmaceutical industry.
The two-year program is geared toward graduates with bachelor’s degrees in chemical engineering, biology and chemistry who want to go directly into the pharmaceutical industry. By focusing mainly on the applied knowledge and skills needed to enter the workforce, graduates will be better prepared to make an immediate impact on the job.
OXFORD, Miss. – The University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy is well represented within the Mississippi College of Clinical Pharmacy organization, as four UM faculty members were elected as officers of the state chapter of American College of Clinical Pharmacy.
Seena Haines, Katie Barber, Jamie Wagner and Melissa Reilly, all with faculty appointments in the school’s Department of Pharmacy Practice, will serve as MCCP officers during 2018. Haines, chair of the pharmacy practice department, is the organization’s president. Barber, assistant professor, is president-elect, while Wagner and Reilly, both clinical assistant professors, serve as treasurer and secretary, respectively.
OXFORD, Miss. – Suman Chandra, senior research scientist in the National Center for Natural Products Research, was honored with an Outstanding Scientist Award at the International Conference on Recent Advances in Agriculture and Horticulture Sciences in New Delhi, India.
The Society of Tropical Agriculture gives this annual award to a scientist who has contributed to the study of agriculture and horticulture. Chandra works with NCNPR’s Marijuana Project, housed within the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, studying the propagation of cannabis intended for research purposes.
OXFORD, Miss. – Erin Holmes, associate professor of pharmacy administration at the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, will be inducted as a Fellow of the American Pharmacists Association at the organization’s annual meeting Mar. 16-19 in Nashville, Tennessee.
“When I think of those who are current APhA Fellows and those who are being inducted in my cohort, I am absolutely humbled,” Holmes said. “This is an incredible honor, and I am grateful to those who nominated and supported me.”
OXFORD, Miss. – Blake Thompson, vice president for government affairs at Ohio State University and a University of Mississippi alumnus, will deliver the School of Pharmacy’s 2018 Charles W. Hartman Memorial Lecture.
Thompson, who is also secretary to Ohio State’s board of trustees, will speak on “Risk and a Prospective Payment System,” drawing from his background in health care policy and university leadership and governance.
OXFORD, Miss. – The National Center for Natural Products Research received an award of over $225,000 from the Henry M. Jackson Foundation to study the ingredients found in popular dietary supplements used by military personnel.
“We are very excited about this research collaboration between the National Center for Natural Products Research and the Consortium for Health and Military Performance at the Uniformed Services University, designated as the Collaborative Analytics for Safer Supplements,” said Soumyajit Majumdar, associate dean for research and graduate programs for the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy.
OXFORD, Miss. – When Sandy and John Bentley began dating, they knocked love right out of the park. Almost 30 years later, the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy faculty members continue to show their relationship is a grand slam.
Sandy and John met as undergraduate student workers in Drake University’s dining services. The pair didn’t really know each other until John, now UM School of Pharmacy’s chair and professor of pharmacy administration, spilled a five-gallon bag of chocolate milk as he tried to refill the container. It was a good thing he didn’t cry over spilled milk.
OXFORD, Miss. – Two assistant professors in the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, both from the Department of BioMolecular Sciences, have won prestigious 2018 New Investigator Awards from the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy.
OXFORD, Miss. – There may not be a specific recipe for love, but Kristen and Adam Pate might have come pretty close to one, and it comes in the form of banana caramel pie. The University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy faculty members have been cooking up a successful partnership for the past 11 years.
Both natives of Natchez, the clinical associate professors of pharmacy practice didn’t know each other until meeting in between classes in Faser Hall as student pharmacists at the School of Pharmacy.
OXFORD, Miss. – Purnendu Sharma, a fourth-year Ph.D. student in the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy’s Department of Pharmaceutics and Drug Delivery, received an Alzheimer’s Drug Discovery Foundation Young Investigator Scholarship for his research on the natural product, Resiniferatoxin, or RTX.
Sharma’s project, titled “Effect of Resiniferatoxin, a TrpV1 Receptor Agonist on Neuronal Cells and evaluating it In vitro Neurotrophic Activity for Neurodegenerative Disorders,” showed the potential of RTX to help in the treatment of diseases like Alzheimer’s.
OXFORD, Miss. – Frank Gilmore, former chair and professor emeritus in the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy’s Department of BioMolecular Sciences, died Feb. 14 after a lengthy battle with lymphoma.
A visitation for Gilmore is scheduled for 9:30-11 a.m. Saturday (Feb. 24) at Coleman Funeral Home of Oxford, where a celebration of his life will immediately follow.
OXFORD, Miss. – Seena and Stuart Haines didn’t have any trouble building up their frequent flyer miles during their courtship. Long before each joined the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy faculty in Jackson, the two were traveling between Maryland and Florida to see each other.
Although Seena and Stuart don’t have to go too far to see each other anymore, their love continues to take flight 13 years later.
OXFORD, Miss. – It was easy for Laurie and Josh Fleming to connect – they spoke the same language. They both specialized in ambulatory care and diabetes management as University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy faculty members on the Jackson campus, and the two easily formed a bond over work talk.
Then their love story began to take shape.
February 12, 2018
OXFORD, Miss. – Ikhlas Khan, director of the National Center for Natural Products Research at the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, is the winner of AOAC International’s 2018 Harvey W. Wiley Award, which recognizes lifetime scientific achievement.
OXFORD, Miss. – C. Daniel Mullins, professor and chair of the Pharmaceutical Health Services Research Department at the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, will deliver the 2018 Coy W. Waller Distinguished Lecture at the University of Mississippi.
The lecture, “Patient-Centered Discovery,” at 11 a.m. Friday (Feb. 9) at the Gertrude C. Ford Center for the Performing Arts, will focus on ways in which scientific and medical knowledge are translated into workable health solutions for patients. The School of Pharmacy and its Department of Pharmacy Administration are hosting the event, which is free and open to the public.
OXFORD, Miss. – The University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy will host pharmacy showcases across the state this spring to educate aspiring pharmacists about the over 600 career paths available in the field of pharmacy.
The pharmacy showcase events, sponsored in part by Walgreens Diversity Initiative, are designed to be meet and greets with the School of Pharmacy’s dean, faculty, staff and current students, as well as pharmacy practitioners from different areas of practice.
OXFORD, Miss. – A collaborative effort by researchers from multiple schools and departments earned the University of Mississippi a $346,641 Major Research Instrumentation award from the National Science Foundation for the acquisition of a new field-emission scanning electron microscope.
The state-of-the-art microscope will enhance research capabilities for the School of Pharmacy, the School of Engineering and the College of Liberal Arts. Expected to arrive in October, the instrument will be housed in the School of Pharmacy, a convenient location for many of the departments involved.
January 26, 2018
OXFORD, Miss. – In the first few weeks of 2018, a small group of faculty from the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy launched PharmacyForward, a new podcast that features interviews with pharmacy experts and leaders about pharmacy practice, patient care and health care delivery in every setting.
The podcast, which has a tagline of “Transforming Knowledge into Action,” is dedicated to engaging and motivating pharmacists. The school’s Division of Pharmacy Professional Development produces the episodes, which are geared toward veterans and newcomers in the field.
OXFORD, Miss. – Deans from pharmacy schools across the Southeastern Conference will gather Jan. 30-31 at the University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy to discuss issues and opportunities in pharmacy education.
Among the topics slated for discussion are educational metrics, sharing educational resources, course consortiums and funding for pharmacy education. Ten of the conference’s 14 universities have pharmacy schools.
OXFORD, Miss. – As technological advances continue to rapidly turn yesterday’s fiction into today’s facts, a University of Mississippi alumnus finds himself at the forefront of the burgeoning virtual and augmented reality revolution.
Sylvester “Sly” Lee, co-founder of Emerge Inc., an independent technology company in Los Angeles, recently made Forbes magazine’s annual “30 Under 30” list of rising entrepreneurs in manufacturing and industry.
OXFORD, Miss. – The University of Mississippi has signed a memorandum of understanding with the University of Chile’s Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences to collaborate on graduate education and research.
Although details of the collaborations are yet to be finalized, the MOU will initially focus on research collaborations and graduate and post-doctoral student exchanges between the School of Pharmacy and the University of Chile’s Santiago campus.
OXFORD, Miss. – University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy alums Hillary Blackburn and Edward Woo know that everyone needs a little help now and then. That’s why they work with Dispensary of Hope to provide necessary medications to patients who may not be able to otherwise afford them.
Based in Nashville, Dispensary of Hope is a charitable medication distributor that connects supplies of unused medications to pharmacies and clinics serving low-income and uninsured patients across the nation. Blackburn and Woo both found their staff roles after volunteering with the company, and are now two of the 24 team members working directly for Dispensary of Hope.
OXFORD, Miss. – The University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy student chapter of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists earned ASHP’s Outstanding Professional Development Project Award for its work at the Oxford Medical Ministries Clinic.
The group was among 28 national recipients of the award, which third-year pharmacy students Allie Funderburk and Mary O’Keefe accepted at the ASHP Midyear Student Showcase in Orlando in early December. The UM student chapter of ASHP volunteered at OMM every Tuesday of last year, with two students assisting in filling prescriptions each week. OMM provides services to uninsured and employed patients, and is regularly staffed with volunteer physicians and nurse practitioners from the community.
OXFORD, Miss. – It is no secret that many Mississippians face health challenges, but the University of Mississippi and the state’s other public universities are attacking these challenges on many fronts.
Universities treat patients, train the next generation of health care providers and conduct research that will help prevent disease and improve outcomes. While Mississippi’s health issues cannot be solved overnight, progress is being made every day.
OXFORD, Miss. – Robert Doerksen, associate professor of medicinal chemistry, is the new associate dean of the University of Mississippi Graduate School. As of Monday (Dec. 11), he will manage the Office of the Graduate School and assist with expanding graduate education initiatives.
A faculty member in the School of Pharmacy since 2004, Doerksen has mentored graduate students for many years. He spent the last year as the director of the graduate program of the medicinal chemistry division within the school’s Department of BioMolecular Sciences.
OXFORD, Miss. – Scientists at the University of Mississippi’s National Center for Natural Products Research spend much of their time working to discover new pharmaceutical products, botanical dietary supplements and agrichemicals. Once in a while, however, discoveries made at the center benefit something a little more cosmetic.