Careers in Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences

Build Your Legacy by becoming a medication expert and a crucial member of the healthcare team. A degree in pharmacy or pharmaceutical sciences offers incredible earnings, flexible hours, and over 100+ unique career opportunities.

Student practicing on a breathing dummy.

Pharmacists are medication experts,

problem-solvers, and leaders in healthcare. As patients’ most accessible healthcare providers, pharmacists play a critical role in maintaining and improving patient health. They are recognized for their value in improving medication use and patient outcomes. Pharmacists have various roles in pharmacies, clinics, hospitals, public health and government agencies, and pharmaceutical and biotech companies.

Pharmacy student Makaili Robinson at a Ole Miss football game.

Why I am pursuing a degree in pharmacy!

I want to become a pharmacist to give back to a community that poured so much into me and to help improve patient outcomes. I want to help my community by building relationships with patients, educating them, and providing them with valuable information or referrals that can have a lasting impact on their health.

Makaili Robinson

Pharmacy Student

Many Paths, Many Possibilities in Pharmacy

Below, you will find a summary of the major and specialty pharmacy fields.

Provide medication therapy management and primary care services.

  • Compounding, medication reviews, and patient counseling
  • Patient care services like immunizations, health screenings, and medication synchronization
  • Digital health and remote patient monitoring to manage chronic diseases

Lead efforts focused on helping society improve public health.

  • Disease prevention and control: health screenings, immunizations
  • Drug abuse prevention and treatment/opioid crisis
  • Family planning and maternal health

Lead and participate in activities to ensure appropriate medication therapy for patients.

  • Participating member of medical team rounds for drug therapy management and monitoring
  • Pharmacy services like antimicrobial and blood product stewardship, infusion services, drug diversion prevention
  • Formulary management, medication safety, and quality improvement
  • Informatics, data analytics, and quality outcomes





Ambulatory Care

Critical Care




Infectious Diseases


Nutrition Support

Responsible for medication management programs to ensure appropriate medication therapy at an affordable cost for a patient population in a managed care organization or health plan.

  • Medication management and patient education services
  • Pharmaceutical benefit management and formulary development
  • Telepharmacy and digital health services

Work in pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies that develop, manufacture, distribute, and market medications.

  • Research and Development, Clinical Research
  • Medical and Regulatory Affairs, Medication Information
  • Sales and Marketing

Make and dispense medications to treat animal conditions and are often employed by pharmacies, animal hospitals, and zoos.

Engage in biopharmaceutical research, from drug discovery and development to clinical trials to patient outcomes research, and pursue careers in contract research organizations and other research facilities.

Optimize medication therapies for patients in nursing homes, assisted living communities, rehabilitation centers, and other long-term care facilities.

Preparing and administering infusion medications and managing treatment plans for patients to use at home.

Selecting medication therapies based on the interpretation of a genetic profile.

Provide medication management services, remote patient monitoring, patient education, and other primary care services.

Optimize value-based care for patient populations, often using health analytics to improve the quality of care while reducing costs.

Work in health departments, the FDA, the CDC, CMS Medicare and Medicaid, and Veterans Affairs providing clinical pharmacy services, conducting research, and leading public health efforts.

Focus on advocacy and policy, government affairs, and education.

Develop materials to educate health care professionals, consumers, and others about pharmaceutical products.

Specialize in clinical practice and research and educate future pharmacists.

More Paths, More Possibilities

Want to keep learning more about different career paths in Pharmacy? Check out these resources from PharmacyIsRight4Me!


Headshot of Shishir Maharjan

Why am I pursuing a degree in pharmaceutical sciences?

Graduates with expertise in this field are in high demand across various healthcare industry sectors, including pharmaceutical companies, healthcare consulting firms, government agencies, academia, and research institutions. Pursuing an advanced degree in this field opens the door to a wide range of career opportunities, providing graduates with the flexibility to choose paths that align with their interests and goals.

Shishir Maharjan

Ph.D. Student in the School of Pharmacy

Many Paths, Many Possibilities in Pharmaceutical Sciences

Below, you will find a summary of the major job fields you can enter with this degree.
The pharmaceutical industry offers a variety of career paths, e.g., drug discovery, development, and evaluation; pharmaceutical manufacturing; process engineering; quality assurance; quality control; materials management; marketing and sales; project management; product management; regulatory science; clinical trials; pharmacovigilance; health outcomes and utilization review; pricing strategies.
Serving as a pharmaceutical industry consultant on product development, process optimization, product positioning, pricing, market analysis and market trends report, regulatory affairs, and other matters. Pharmaceutical scientists can also serve as consultants to academic institutions and government agencies for recruitment and training, patient care, pharmacotherapy, and public health policies.
Opportunities in academia include positions such as faculty, research scientists, research core managers, research administrators, and academic administrators.
Employment opportunities include scientists, reviewers, administrators, health policy, surveillance, inspectors, and research program managers.
Jobs in this area include medical writing, technical reviews, patient literature, research journals, and medical science liaison.
Pharmaceutical scientists lead innovations and generate intellectual property. Many pharmaceutical scientists serve as expert witnesses on intellectual property cases; some even pursue a law degree and become patent attorneys.
A variety of entrepreneurial opportunities exist, such as starting your own service, research/analysis, or consulting company.
Pharmaceutical scientists provide expertise on drug development, safety, efficacy, and regulatory matters, and they contribute to developing policies regarding public health.