1987 Ph. D. Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Pittsburgh, PA, 15261, USA (Chemistry of natural products)
1981 Master of Pharmacy, Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt (Phytochemical and botanical studies)
1974 B. Pharm, College of Pharmacy, Cairo, University, Cairo, Egypt
- Isolation of bioactive plant secondary metabolites.
- Structure elucidation of natural products
- Synthesis of natural product derivatives.
- Microbial transformation of natural products
- Pharmaceutical Botany, including macromorphology and microscopical examination of medicinal plants