Marijuana Research

The University of Mississippi

Publications

Analytical Publications

 

  • Radwan, Mohamed M., Wanas, Amira S., Chandra, Suman, Mahmoud, Elsohly, A., (2017), Natural Cannabinoids of Cannabis and Methods of Analysis, In: Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (Eds.) Cannabis Sativa: Botany and Biotechnology, Springer International Publishing, pp. 161-182.

 

  • Mei Wang, Yan-Hong Wang, Bharathi Avula, Mohamed M. Radwan, Amira S. Wanas, Zlatko Mehmedic, John van Antwerp, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Ikhlas A. Khan, (2016), Quantitative Determination of Cannabinoids in Cannabis and Cannabis Products Using Ultra High Performance Supercritical Fluid Chromatography and Diode Array/Mass Spectrometric Detection, Journal of Forensic Science, pp. 1-10.

 

  • Wang Mei, Wang Yan-Hong, Avula Bharathi, Radwan Mohamed M., Wanas Amira S., van Antwerp John, Parcher Jon F., ElSohly Mahmoud A., and Khan Ikhlas A., (2016) Decarboxylation Study of Acidic Cannabinoids: A Novel Approach Using Ultra-High-Performance Supercritical Fluid Chromatography /Photodiode Array-Mass Spectrometry, Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 1(1): 262-271. doi:10.1089/can.2016.0020.

 

  • Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Waseem Gul, Amira S. Wanas, Mohamed M. Radwan (2014) Synthetic cannabinoids, Analysis and metabolites, Life Science, 97(1), 78-90.

 

  • Mahmoud ElSohly, Desmond Slade and Mohammed M Radwan (2013) TLC and GC in “Cannabis inflorescence and leaf – Standers of Identity, Analysis and Quality Control”, Editors and technical advisors – Roy Upton, Lyle Craker, Mahmoud ElSohly, Aviva Romm and Ethan Russo, American Herbal Pharmacopeia Monograph, Chapter 5, pp 40-51.

 

  • Elsohly, M. A., W. Gul, ElSohly, K, Murphy, T., Madgula, V., Khan, S (2011). Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Urine Specimens for K2 (JWH-018) Metabolites. J. Anal. Toxicol, 35 2011 American Chemical Society (ACS), 487-495.

 

  • Elsohly, M. A., W. Gul, ElSohly, K, Murphy, T., Madgula, V., Khan, S (2011). Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Urine Specimens for K2 (JWH-018) Metabolites. J. Anal. Toxicol, 35 2011 American Chemical Society (ACS), 487-495.

 

  • Elsohly, Mahmoud A., Gul, Waseem, Kareem, M., Murphy, Timothy P., Madgula, Vamsi L. M., Khan, Shabana I. (2011) Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Urine Specimens for K2 (JWH-018). Journal of Analytical Toxicology 35, 7, 487-495.

 

  • Radwan, Mohamed M., Ross, Samir A., Slade, Desmond, Ahmed, Safwat A., Zulfiqar, Fazila, ElSohly, Mahmoud A., Isolation and characterization of new Cannabis constituents from a high potency variety, Planta Medica (2008), 74(3), 267-272.

 

  • Mohamed M. Radwan, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Desmond Slade, Safwat A. Ahmed, Lisa Wilson, Abir T. El-Alfy, Ikhlas A. Khan, Samir A. Ross, Non-cannabinoid constituents from a high potency Cannabis sativa variety, Phytochemistry, 69(2008), 2627-2633.  Available online 4 September 2008.

 

  • Safwat A. Ahmed, Samir A. Ross, Desmond Slade, Mohamed M. Radwan, Ikhlas A. Khan, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Structure determination and absolute configuration of cannabichromanone derivatives from high potency Cannabis sativa, Tetrahedron Letters, Volume 49, Issue 42(13): 6050-6053, October 2008.

 

  • Sridhar Thumma, Soumyajit Majumdar, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Waseem Gul and Michael A. Repka, Preformulation Studies of a Prodrug of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, AAPS PharmSciTech. published on line doi: 10.1208/s12249-008-9136-7. 2008.

 

  • Sridhar Thumma, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Shuang-Qing Zhang, Waseem Gul and Michael A. Repka, Influence of Plasticizers on the Stability and Release of a Prodrug of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Incorporated in Poly (Ethylene Oxide) Matrices, European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, and 70(2):605-614, 2008.

 

  • Ahmed SA, Ross SA, Slade D, Radwan MM, Zulfiqar F, and ElSohly MA; Cannabinoid Ester Constituents from High Potency Cannabis sativa Nat. Prod., 71:536-542, 2008.

 

  • ElSohly, M.A., Gul, W., Salem, M.; Cannabinoids Analysis: Analytical methods for different biological specimens, in Handbook of Analytical Separation, Vol. 6, Pages 203-241, November 2007, MJ Bogusz, Ed, ElSevier Sciences.

 

  • A. ElSohly, Donald F. Stanford and Timothy P. Murphy, “Chemical Fingerprinting of Cannabis as a Means of Source Identification”, IN: Marijuana and the Cannabinoids, Humana Press. 2006.

 

  • N. ElSohly and M. A. ElSohly, “Marijuana Smoke Condensate: Chemistry and Pharmacology”, in Marijuana and the Cannabinoids, Humana Press. 2006.

 

  • Munjal M, ElSohly MA, Repka MA; Polymeric systems for amorphous Δ9-tetrahydro-cannabinol produced by a hot-melt method Part Il: Effect of oxidation mechanisms and chemical interactions on stability, J. Pharm. Sci., DOI 10.1002/jps, 2006.

 

  • Avula B, Tripathi LM, Khan SI, Tekwani BL, Nanayakkara D, Gul W, ElSohly MA, Khan IA; LC method for the determination of NPC1161, primaquine and their metabolites in various biological systems, Chromatographia, 64:429-434, 2006.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Gul W, Feng S, Nanayakkara NPD, Clark AM, Khan S, Cogswell FB, Walker LA; GC/MS analysis of the 8-aminoquinoline antimalarial [NPC1161] and its carboxy metabolite in plasma and red blood cells of primates, Chromatographia, 64:199-205, 2006.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Slade D; Chemical constituents of marijuana: the complex mixture of natural cannabinoids, Life Sciences, 78:539-548, 2005.

 

  • Ross SA, ElSohly MA, Sultana GNN, Mehmedic Z, Hossain CF, and Chandra S.; Flavonoid glycosides and cannabinoids from the pollen of Cannabis sativa; J Phytochemical Analysis, 16:1-3, 2005.

 

  • Feng S, and ElSohly MA; Synthesis of (±)-6, 6-[2H6] dimethyl-11-nor-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabivarin-9-carboxylic acid, J Labelled Compd Radiopharm, 45: 577-581, 2002.

 

  • ElSohly, Mahoud A., Lee, Luen F., Holzhauer, Lynn B., Salamone, Salvatore J., Analysis of urine samples in cases of alleged sexual assault case history, Benzodiazepines and GHB(2001), 127-144.

 

  • ElSohly, M.A., Drug-facilitated sexual assault, Southern Medical Journal (2001), 94(6), 655-6.

 

  • ElSohly MA, de Wit H, Wachtel S, Feng S, and Murphy TP; Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin as a marker for the ingestion of marijuana versus Marinol: Results of a clinical study; J Anal Toxicol, 25:565-571, 2001.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Feng S, Murphy TP, Warrington AW, Ross S, Nimrod A, Mehmedic Z, and Fortner N; Identification and quantitation of 11-nor-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin-9-carboxylic acid, a major metabolite of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabavarin; J Anal Toxicol, 25:476-480, 2001.

 

  • Hindmarch I, ElSohly M, Gambles J, and Salamone S; Forensic urinalysis of drug use in cases of alleged sexual assault, J Clin Forensic Med, 8:197-205, 2001.

 

  • Leson G, Pless P, Grotenhermen F., Kalant H, and ElSohly MA; Evaluating the impact of hemp food consumption on workplace drug tests; J Anal Toxicol, 25:691-698, 2001.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Lee LF, Holzhauer LB, and Salamone SJ; Analysis of urine samples in cases of alleged sexual assault, Case History, IN Forensic Science: Benzodiazepines and GHB: Detection and Pharmacology,, S.J. Salamone, Humana Press, Inc., Totowa NJ, pp 127-144, 2000.

 

  • Ross S, Mehmedic Z, Murphy TP, and ElSohly, MA, GC/MS analysis of the total Δ9-THC content of both drug- and fiber-type Cannabis seeds, J Anal Toxicol, 24(8):715-717, 2000.

 

  • Feng S, ElSohly MA, Salamone S, and Salem MY; Simultaneous analysis of Δ9-THC and its major metabolites in urine, plasma, and meconium by GC/MS using an immunoaffinity extraction procedure, J Anal Toxicol, 24:395-402, 2000.

 

  • ElSohly MA, and Salem M; Cannabinoids analysis: Analytical methods for different biological specimens, IN Handbook of Analytical Separations, Vol II, MJ Bogusz, Ed, ElSevier Sciences, pp. 163-193, 2000.

 

  • Tsai JSC, ElSohly MA, Tsai S-F; Murphy TP, Twarowska B, and Salamone SJ; Investigation of nitrite adulteration on the immunoassay and GC/MS analysis of cannabinoids in urine specimens, J Anal Toxicol. 24(8):708-714, 2000.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Chemische bestandteile von Cannabis, IN: Cannabis and Cannabinoide, Pharmakologie, Toxikologie und Terapeutics Potenzial, Franjo Grotenhermen, Ed., Verlag Hans Huber, Bern, Gottingen, Toronto, Seattle, pp.45-55, 2000.

 

  • Feng S, and ElSohly MA; Synthesis of [2H6]-labelled metabolites of cannabinoids, Labelled Compd Radiopharm, 43:655-662, 2000.

 

  • ElSohly MA; Letter to the Editor, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) as a marker of Cannabis use: Is the methodology forensically acceptable? J Anal Toxicol, 24:74-75, 2000.

 

  • Sedgwick B, and ElSohly MA; Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) as a marker of Cannabis use: Is the methodology forensically acceptable? J Anal Toxicol, 24:73-75, 2000.

 

  • Ross SA, and ElSohly MA: CBN and Δ9-THC concentration ratio as an indicator for the age of stored marijuana samples; Bull Narcotics, 49-50(1-2):139-147, 1997-1998.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Feng S, and Murphy TP; Improved procedure for overcoming nitrite interferences in GC/MS procedures for cannabinoids, Letter to the Editor, J Anal Toxicol, 22:255-256, 1998.

 

  • Salamone SJ, Honasoge S, Brenner C, McNally AJ, Pasarelli J, Szkutnicka K, Brenneisen R, ElSohly MA, and Feng S; Flunitrazepam Excretion patterns using the Abuscreen  OnTrak and  OnLine immunoassays: Comparison with GC/MS; J Anal Toxicol, 21(5):341-345, 1997.

 

  • ElSohly MA, and Feng S; Δ9-THC metabolites in meconium: Identification of 11-OH-Δ9-THC, 8-β, 11-diOH-Δ 9-THC and 11-nor-Δ9-THC-9-COOH as major metabolites of Δ9-THC; J Anal Toxicol, 22(4):329-335, 1998.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Feng S, Kopycki WJ, Murphy TP, Jones AB, Davis A, and Carr D; A procedure to overcome interferences caused by the adulterant “Klear” in the GC/MS analysis of 11-nor-Δ9-THC-9-COOH; J Anal Toxicol, 21:240-242, 1997.

 

  • Ross SA, ElSohly HN, ElKashory EA, and ElSohly MA; Fatty acids of Cannabis seeds; Phytocheml Anal, 7:279-283, 1996.

 

  • Ross SA, and ElSohly MA; The volatile oil composition of fresh and air-dried buds of Cannabis sativa; J Nat Prod, 59:49-51, 1996.

 

  • Ross SA, Parker M, Arafat R, Lovett K, and ElSohly MA; The analysis of confiscated marijuana samples for different cannabinoids using GC/FID; American Lab, 27(16):16(F), 1995.

 

  • Ross SA, and ElSohly MA; Constituents of Cannabis sativa XXVIII, a review of the natural constituents: 1980-1994; Zagazig J Pharm Sci: 4(2):1-10, 1995.

 

  • ElSohly MA, and Jones AB; Drug testing in the workplace: Could a positive test for one of the mandated drugs be for reasons other than illicit use of the drug? J Anal Toxicol, 19(6):450-458, 1995.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Little TL, Jr., and Stanford DF; Hexadeutero-11-nor- Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid: a superior internal standard for the GC/MS analysis of Δ9-THC acid metabolite in biological specimens; J Anal Toxicol, 16(3):188-191, 1992.

 

  • Turner CE, ElSohly MA, and Martin DM; Laboratory and psychiatric aspects of drug abuse testing; IN: Drugs of Abuse, Giannini AJ, and Slaby AE, Eds., Medical Economics Books, Oradell, NJ, pp.303-320, 1989.

 

  • ElSohly HN, and ElSohly MA; Marijuana: analysis and detection of use through urinalysis, IN: Cocaine, Marijuana, Designer Drugs: Chemistry, Pharmacology, and Behavior; Redda KK, Walker CA, and Barnett G., Eds., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, pp. 146-161, 1989.

 

  • Brenneisen R, and ElSohly MA; Chromatographic and spectroscopic profiles of Cannabis of different origins, Part I; J Forensic Sci, 33(6): 1385-1404, 1988.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Stanford DF, and Little TL, Jr.; 2H6-11-nor-Δ8-THC-9-COOH: A new internal standard for the analysis of THC metabolite in biological fluids; J. Anal. Toxicol, 12(1):54, 1988.

 

  • Turner CE, and ElSohly MA; Drug Abuse Testing: Myths and Realities; Copyright Registration# TX-2, 347,436, Rebel Press, Oxford, MS, 1987.

 

  • ElSohly MA; Analysis of the major metabolite of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol in human urine, Yearbook ‘87: Nurses Reference Library, Springhouse Book Company, Springhouse, PA, pp. 35-36, 1987.

 

  • ElSohly MA; Melanin and EMIT cannabinoid testing, Syva Monitor, 4(3):5, 1986.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Jones AB, ElSohly HN, and Stanford DF; Analysis of the major metabolite of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol in urine VI. Specificity of the assay with respect to indole carboxylic  acids; J Anal Toxicol, 9:190-191, 1985.

 

  • Jones AB, ElSohly HN, and ElSohly MA; Cross-reactivity of selected compounds in urine immunoassays for the major metabolite of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, Marijuana ‘84: Proceedings of the Oxford Symposium on Cannabis, D.J. Harvey, Ed., IRL Press, Oxford, England, pp. 169-176, 1985.

 

  • ElSohly MA, ElSohly HN, Stanford DF, Evans M, and Jones AB; Analysis of human urine for 11-nor-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboyxlic acid. A comparison between HPLC, GC/ECD, GC/FID, and GC/MS methods.  Marijuana ‘84: Proceedings of the Oxford Symposium on Cannabis, D.J.Harvey, Ed., IRL Press, Oxford, England, pp. 137-146, 1985.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Arafat ES, and Jones AB; Analysis of the major metabolite of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol in urine III. A GC/ECD procedure; J Anal Toxicol, 8(1):7-9, 1984.

 

  • McPhail AT, ElSohly HN, Turner CE, and ElSohly MA; Stereochemical assignments for the two enantiomeric pairs of 9,10-dihyroxy-Δ6a(10a)-tetrahydrocannabinols. X-ray crystal structure analysis of (± )-trans-cannabitriol; J Nat Prod, 47(1):138-142, 1984.

 

  • Jones AB, ElSohly HN, Arafat ES, and ElSohly MA; Analysis of the major metabolite of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol in urine IV. A comparison of five methods; J Anal Toxicol, 8:249-251, 1984.

 

  • Jones AB, ElSohly HN, and ElSohly MA; Analysis of the major metabolite of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol in urine V. Cross-reactivity of selected compounds in a radioimmuno-assay; J Anal Toxicol, 8:252-254, 1984.

 

  • ElSohly MA, ElSohly HN, and Jones AB; Analysis of the major metabolite of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol in urine II. A HPLC procedure; J Anal Toxicol, 7:262-264, 1983.

 

  • El-Feraly FS, Chan YM, ElSohly MA, and Turner CE; Biomimetic synthesis of Cannabispiran; Experientia, 35(9):1131, 1979.

 

  • Turner CE, ElSohly MA, Cheng FP, and Torres LM; Marijuana and paraquat; J Am Med Assoc, 240(17):1857, 1978.

 

  • Turner CE, Cheng PC, Torres LM, and ElSohly MA; Detection and analysis of paraquat in confiscated marijuana samples; Bull Narc, 30(4):47-56, 1978.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Boeren EG, and Turner CE; Constituents of Cannabis sativa: An improved method for the synthesis of dl-cannabichromene; J Heterocycl Chem, 15:699-700, 1978.

 

  • El-Feraly FS, ElSohly MA, and Turner CE; Anisaldehyde as a spray reagent for cannabinoids and their methyl ethers; Acta Pharm Jugosl, 27(1):43-46, 1977.

 

Botany and Plant Biotechnology Publications

  • Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Larry A. Walker and David Potter (2017) Cannabis Cultivation: Methodological Issues for Obtaining Medical-Grade Product, Epilepsy and Behavior, 70: 302–312

 

  • Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2017) Cannabis Sativa L.: Botany and Horticulture, In: Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (Eds.) Cannabis Sativa L.: Botany and Biotechnology, Springer Publication, 79-100.

 

  • Hemant Lata, Suman Chandra, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2017) Micropropagation of Cannabis sativa – An Update, In: Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (Eds.) Cannabis Sativa L.: Botany and Biotechnology, Springer Publication, 285-298.

 

  • Vijayasankar Raman, Hemant Lata, Suman Chandra, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2017) Morpho-anatomy of Marijuana (Cannabis sativa ), In: Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (Eds.) Cannabis Sativa L.: Botany and Biotechnology, Springer Publication, 123-136.

 

  • Hemant Lata, Suman Chandra, Natascha Techen, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2016) In vitro mass propagation of Cannabis sativa: A protocol refinement using novel aromatic cytokinin meta-topolin and the assessment of eco-physiological, biochemical and genetic fidelity of micropropagated plants, Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 3: 18-26.

 

  • Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2016)Botany of Cannabis sativa in “The Analytical Chemistry of Cannabis – Quality Assessment, Assurance, and Regulation of Medicinal Marijuana and Cannabinoid Preparations” Eds. Brian F. Thomas and Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Elsevier, pp. 1-26. 

 

  • Hemant Lata, Suman Chandra, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2016) In vitro Propagation of Cannabis sativa and evaluation of regenerated plants for Genetic Fidelity Cannabinoids Content for Quality Assurance, In: Protocols for In Vitro Cultures and Secondary Metabolite Analysis of Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Ed. Sri Mohan Jain, pp: 275-288.

 

  • Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2015) Variations in D9-THC and other Major Cannabinoids Content during Developmental Growth Stages in Seed Raised, Field Cultivated Plants of Cannabis sativa , International Journal of tropical Agriculture, 33 (4): 1-8.

 

  • Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, Zlatko Mehmedic, Ikhlas A. Khan, Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2015) Light Dependence of Photosynthesis and Water Vapour Exchange Characteristics in Different High D9-THC Yielding Varieties of Cannabis sativa Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 2(2): 39-47

 

  • Hemant Lata, Suman Chandra, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2014) Micropropagetion of Cannabis sativa in “Biotechnology of Cannabis sativa, 2nd Edition” by Sam R. Zwenger, Extreme publication Inc., New York, pp 82.

 

  • Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2013) The Role of Biotechnology in Cannabissativa Propagation for the Production of Phytocannabinoids; Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata and Ajit Varma Biotechnology for Medicinal Plants – Micropropagation and Improvement, Springer-Verlag  Berlin Heidelberg, pp: 123-148.

 

  • Mahmoud ElSohly, Suman Chandra and Hemant Lata (2013) Botanical Identification of Cannabis sativa in “Cannabis inflorescence and leaf – Standers of Identity, Analysis and Quality Control”, Editors and technical advisors – Roy Upton, Lyle Craker, Mahmoud ElSohly, Aviva Romm and Ethan Russo, American Herbal Pharmacopeia Monograph, Chapter 1, pp 2-9.

 

  • Ajay P Nayak, Brett J. Green, Gordon L. Sussman, Noam Berlin, Hemant Lata, Suman Chandra, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Justin Hettick and Donald H Beezhold (2013) Characterization of Cannabis sativa allergens, Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology, 11: 32-37.

 

  • Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata and Mahmoud ElSohly (2013) Macroscopic Identification of Cannabis sativa in “Cannabis inflorescence and leaf – Standers of Identity, Analysis and Quality Control”, Editors and technical advisors – Roy Upton, Lyle Craker, Mahmoud ElSohly, Aviva Romm and Ethan Russo, American Herbal Pharmacopeia Monograph, Chapter 2, pp 9-13.

 

  • Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, Mahmoud ElSohly and Elizabeth Williamson (2013) Microscopic Identification of Cannabis sativa in “Cannabis inflorescence and leaf – Standers of Identity, Analysis and Quality Control”, Editors and technical advisors – Roy Upton, Lyle Craker, Mahmoud ElSohly, Aviva Romm and Ethan Russo, American Herbal Pharmacopeia Monograph, Chapter 3, pp 13- 18.

 

  • Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, Mahmoud ElSohly and Roy Upton (2013) Commercial Sources and Handling of Cannabis sativa in “Cannabis inflorescence and leaf – Standers of Identity, Analysis and Quality Control”, Editors and technical advisors – Roy Upton, Lyle Craker, Mahmoud ElSohly, Aviva Romm and Ethan Russo, American Herbal Pharmacopeia Monograph, Chapter 4, pp 18- 32.

 

  • Hemant Lata, Suman Chandra, Zlatko Mehmedic, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2012) In vitro germplasm conservation of high Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol yielding elite clones of Cannabis sativa under slow growth conditions. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 34:743–750.

 

  • Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2011) Temperature response of photosynthesis in different drug and fiber varieties of Cannabis sativa Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 17(3): 297-303.

 

  • Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2011) Photosynthetic response of Cannabis sativa, an important medicinal plant, to elevated levels of CO2.. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 17(3): 291-295.

 

  • Hemant Lata, Suman Chandra, Natascha Techen, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2011) Molecular analysis of genetic fidelity in Cannabis sativa plants grown from synthetic seeds following in vitro storage conditions. Biotechnology Letters, 33: 2503-2508.

 

  • Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, Zlatko Mehmedic, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2010) Assessment of cannabinoids content in micropropagated plants of Cannabis sativa and their comparison with conventionally propagated plants and mother plant during developmental stages of growth. Planta Medica, 76: 743-750.

 

  • Hemant Lata, Suman Chandra, Natascha Techen, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2010) Assessment of genetic stability of micropropagated Cannabis sativa plants by ISSR markers. Planta Medica, 76: 97-100.

 

  • Hemant Lata, Suman Chandra, Ikhlas Khan, Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2010) High frequency plant regeneration from leaf derived callus of high Δ9– tetrahydrocannabinol yielding Cannabis sativa Planta Medica, 76: 1629–1633.

 

  • Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2010) Propagation of elite Cannabis sativa for the production of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) using biotechnological tools in Medicinal Plant Biotechnology, Ed. Rajesh Arora, CABI-UK, pp: 98-114.

 

  • Natascha Techen, Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Ikhlas A. Khan (2010) Genetic identification of female Cannabis sativa plants at early developmental stage. Planta Medica, 16: 1938-1939.

 

  • Hemant Lata, Suman Chandra, Ikhlas Khan, Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2009) Thidiazuron induced high frequency direct shoot organogenesis of Cannabis sativa In vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology-Plant, 45: 12-19.

 

  • Hemant Lata, Suman Chandra, Ikhlas Khan, Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2009) Propagation through Alginate Encapsulation of Axillary Buds of Cannabis sativa –An Important Medicinal Plant. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 15: 79-86.

 

  • Maria Mendoza, DeEtta Mills, Hemant Lata, Suman Chandra, Mahmoud A. ElSohly and Jose Almirall (2009) Genetic Individualization of Cannabis sativa by an STR Multiplex. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 393: 719–726.

 

  • Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata, Ikhlas A. Khan and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2008) Photosynthetic Response of Cannabis sativa L. to Variations in photosynthetic photon flux densities, temperature and CO2 conditions. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 14 (4): 299

Isolation of Characterization Publications

  • Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Mohamed M. Radwan, Waseem Gul, Suman Chandra and Ahmed Galal (2017) Phytochemistry of Cannabis sativa ,  Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products 103, Springer International Publishing Switzerland, Eds. A.D. Kinghorn, H. Falk and J. Kobayashi, pp.1-36.

 

  • Determination of 11 Cannabinoids in Biomass and Extracts of Different Varieties of Cannabis Using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography, Waseem Gul, Shabaz W. Gul, Mohamed M. Radwan, Amira Wanas, Ikhlas L. Khan, Maged H. Sharaf, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, (2015), Journal of AOAC International 98(6):1523-1528.

 

  • Safwat A. Ahmed, Samir A. Ross, Slade Desmond, Mohamed M. Radwan, Ikhlas A. Khan, and Mahmoud A. ElSohly, (2015), Minor oxygenated cannabinoids from high potency Cannabis sativa, Phytochemistry, 117, pp. 194-199.

 

  • Mohamed M. Radwan, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Abir T. El-Alfy, Safwat A. Ahmed, Desmond Slade, Afeef S. Husni, Susan P. Manley, Lisa Wilson, Suzanne Seale, Stephen J. Cutler, and Samir Ross, (2015) Isolation and Pharmacological Evaluation of Minor Cannabinoids from High-Potency Cannabis sativa. Journal of Natural Products, May, Online.

 

  • Mahmoud A. ElSohly and Waseem Gul, (2014) Constituents of Cannabis Sativa in Handbook of Cannabis, (Book Chapter) University Press, pp 3-22.

 

  • Afeef S. Husni, Christopher R. McCurdy, Mohamed M. Radwan, Safwat A. Ahmed, Desmond Slade, Samir A. Ross, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, and Stephen J. Cutler (2014) Evaluation of Phytocannabinoids from High Potency Cannabis sativa using In Vitro Bioassays to Determine Structure-Activity Relationships for Cannabinoid Receptor 1 and Cannabinoid Receptor 2 Medicinal Chemistry Research, 23, 4295-4300.

 

  • Mahmoud ElSohly and Desmond Slade (2013) Cannabis Constituents in “Cannabis inflorescence and leaf – Standers of Identity, Analysis and Quality Control”, Editors and technical advisors – Roy Upton, Lyle Craker, Mahmoud ElSohly, Aviva Romm and Ethan Russo, American Herbal Pharmacopeia Monograph, Chapter 5, pp 40-51.

 

  • Zulfiqar Fazila, Ross, Samir, A., Slade, Desmond, Ahmed, Safwat, A., Radwan, Mohamed M., Ali, Zulfiqar, Ikhlas, A., ElSohly, Mahmoud, A. (2012) Cannabisol, a novel Δ9-THC dimer possessing a unique methylene bridge, isolated from Cannabis sativa.  Tetrahedron Letters 53. 3560-3562.

 

  • Ahmed SA, Ross SA, Slade D, Radwan MM, Zulfiqar F, and ElSohly MA; Cannabinoid Ester Constituents from High Potency Cannabis sativa American Chemical Society, 119 (2010).

 

  • Gul, P. Carvalho, A. Galal, M.A. Avery and M.A. ElSohly, 5{[(3R,5aS,6R,8aS,9R,10S, 12R,12aR)- 3,6,9-trimethyldecahydro-3,12-epoxy[1,2]dioxepino[4,3i]isochromen-10-yl]oxy (methyl) benzene-1,3-diol, Acta Crystallographica, Section E, E65, p358-p359, (2009).

 

  • Waseem Gul, Paulo Carvalho, David W. Berberich, Mitchell A. Avery and Mahmoud A. Elsohly, (6aR,10aR)-6,6,9-Trimethyl-3-pentyl-6a,7,8,10a-tetrahydro-6H-benzo[c]chromen-1-yl-4-methylbenzenesulfonate, Acta Crystallographica, Section E Volume 64, Part 9, page 1686, 2008.

 

  • ElSohly MA; Practical challenges to positive drug tests for marijuana, Clin Chem, 49(7):1037-1038, 2003.

 

  • Hanus L, Turner CE, and ElSohly MA; Isolation and identification of propylcannabinoids from Soviet variety of hemp grown in Mississippi; Acta Univ Palack Olom, 25-30, 1987.

 

  • ElSohly MA; Cannabis alkaloids; Alkaloids:  Chemical and Biological Perspectives, Volume 3, S. William Pelletier, Ed., John Wiley & Sons, 1984, pp. 169-184, 1985.

 

  • ElSohly HN, Ma GE, Turner CE, and ElSohly MA; Constituents of Cannabis sativa Isolation of two new dihydrostilbenes from a Panamanian variant; J Nat Prod, 47(3):445-452, 1984.

 

  • ElSohly HN, Boeren EG, Turner CE, and ElSohly MA; Constituents of Cannabis sativa, XXIV: Cannabitetrol, a new polyhydroxylated cannabinoid: The Cannabinoids: Chemical, Pharmacologic, and Therapeutic Aspects, R. Willette, et al., Eds.; Academic Press, pp. 89-96, 1982.

 

  • ElSohly HN, Boeren EG, ElSohly MA, and Turner CE; Constituents of Cannabis sativa, XXIII: Isolation and characterization of cannabitetrol, a new Cannabis constituent:  The Cannabinoids:  Chemical, Pharmacologic and Therapeutic Aspects, R. Willette, et al., Eds,; Academic Press,1982.

 

  • Turner CE, ElSohly MA, and Boeren EG; Constituents of Cannabis sativa XVII: A review of the natural constituents; J Nat Prod, 43(2):169-234, 1980.

 

  • Turner CE, and ElSohly MA; Constituents of Cannabis sativa XVI. A possible decomposition pathway of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol to cannabinoil; J Heterocycl chem., 16:1667-1668, 1979.

 

  • Turner CE, ElSohly MA, Cheng PC, and Lewis G; Constituents of Cannabis sativa, XIV. Intrinsic problems in classifying Cannabis based on a single cannabinoid analysis; J Nat Prod, 42(3):317-319, 1979.

 

  • Boeren EG, ElSohly MA, and Turner CE; Cannabiripsol: A novel Cannabis constituent; Experientia, 35(10):1278, 1979.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Boeren EG, and Turner CE; (±)-9,10-dihydroxy-Δ6a(10a) -tetrahydrocannabinol and (±)-8,9-dihydroxy-Δ 6a(10a) -tetrahydrocannabinol: 2 new cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa ; Experientia, 34:1127-1128, 1978.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Turner CE, Phoebe CH, Jr., Knapp JE, Schiff PL, Jr., and Slatkin DJ; AnhydroCannabisativine, a new alkaloid from Cannabis sativa; J Pharm Sci, 67(1):124, 1978.

 

  • El-Feraly FS, ElSohly MA, Boeren EG, Turner CE, Ottersen T, and Aasen A; Crystal and molecular structure of Cannabispiran and its correlation to dehydroCannabispiran: two novel Cannabis constituents; Tetrahedron, 33:2373-2378, 1977.

 

  • ElSohly MA, and Turner CE; Screening of Cannabis from different geographical origins grown under the same climatic conditions for the alkaloids hordenine, Cannabisativine, and anhydroCannabisativine; United Nations Secretariat, St/SOA/Ser.S/54, 1977.

 

  • ElSohly MA, El-Feraly FS, and Turner CE; Isolation and characterization of (+)-cannabitriol and (-)-10-ethoxy-9-hydroxy-Δ6a[10a]-tetrahydrocannabinol; two new cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa extract; Lloydia, 40(3):275-280, 1977.

 

  • Boeren EG, ElSohly MA, Turner CE, and Salemink CA; β-Cannabispiranol: a new non-cannabinoid phenol from Cannabis sativa; Experientia, 33:848, 1977.

 

  • ElSohly MA, and Turner CE; A review of nitrogen containing compounds from Cannabis sativa; Pharm Weekbl, III, 43:1069-1075, 1976.

 

Potency Monitoring Publications

  • ElSohly MA, Mehmedic Z, Foster S, Gon C, Chandra S and Church JC (2016) Changes in Cannabis Potency Over the Last 2 Decades (1995-2014): Analysis of Current Data in the United States. Biological Psychiatry, pp. 1-7.

 

  • Slade, Desmond, Mehmedic, Zlatko, Chandra, Suman, ElSohly, Mahmoud, (2012). Is Cannabis becoming more potent, Marijuana and Madness Cambridge University Press, Second Edition., Chapter 4, 35-54.

 

  • Mehmedic, Z., Chandra, S., Slade, D., Denham, H., Foster, S., Patel, A., Ross, SA., Khan IK., and ElSohly, MA., Potency trends of ∆9-THC and other cannabinoids in confiscated Cannabis preparations from 1993-2008, Journal of Forensic Sciences, 55:1209-1217, 2010.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Ross SA, Mehmedic Z, Arafat, R; Yi B; and Banahan BF, III; Potency trends of Δ9-THC and other cannabinoids in confiscated marijuana from 1980-1997; J Forensic Sci, 45(1):24-30, 2000.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Holley JH, Russell MH, and Turner CE; Constituents of Cannabis sativa L., XXIV. Potency of confiscated marijuana, hashish, and hash oil over a 10-year period; J Forensic Sci, 29(2):500-514, 1984.

Product Development Publications

  • Markos, Janes Roland, Harris, Hannah M, Gul, Waseem, Elsohly, Mohamed, A., Sufka, Kenneth J., (2017), Effects of Cannabidiol on Morphine Conditioned Place Preference in Mice, Planta Medica, doi: 10.1055/s-0043-117838.

 

  • Adelli, G.R., Bhagav, P., Repka, M.A., Gul, W., ElSohly, M.A., Majumdar, S., (2017), Ocular Delivery of Tetrahydrocannabinol, Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies, pp. 760-769.

 

  • Adelli, Goutham R., Bhagav, Prakash, Taskar, Pranjal, Hingorani, Tushar, Pettaway, Sara, Gul, Waseem, Elsohly, Mahmoud A., Repka, Michael A., Majumdar, Soumyajit, (2017), Development of a Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Amino Acid-Dicarboxylate Prodrug With Improved Ocular Bioavailability, Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 58 (4), pp. 2167-2179.

 

  • Nagendra A. Punyamurthula, Goutham R. Adelli, Waseem Gul, Michael A. Repka, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Soumyajit Majumdar, (2016), Ocular Disposition of Δ8-Tetrahydrocannabinol from Various Topical Ophthalmic Formulations, AAPS PharmSciTech, doi: 10.1208/s12249-016-0672-2.

 

  • Amira S. Wanas, Mohammed M. Radwan, Zlatko Mehmedic, Melissa Jacob, Iklas Khan and Mahmoud ElSohly, (2016) Antifungal activity of the Volatile Oil of Potency Cannabis sativa against Cryptococcus neoformans, Records of Natural Products, pp. 214-220.

 

  • Fasinu, Pius S., Phillips, Sarah, ElSohly, Mahmoud A., Walker Larry A., (2016), Current Status and Prospects for Cannabidiol Preparations as New Therapeutic Agents, Pharmacotherapy, DOI: 10.1002/phar.1780.

 

  • Hannah M. Harris, Kenneth J. Sukfa, Waseem Gul, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, (2016), Effect of Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabidiol on Cisplatin-Induced Neuropathy in Mice, Planta Med, DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-106303.

 

  • Nagenda S, Punyamurthual, Tusher Hingorani, Goutham Adelli, Waseem Gul, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Michael A. Repka, and Soumyajit Majumdar, (2016), Controlled release tablet formulation containing natural Δ9 Tetrahydrocannabinol, Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy, 42 (7), pp. 1158-1164.

 

  • Ahmed M. Galal Osman, Ehab A. Abourashed, Desmond Slade, Safwat A. Ahmed, Waseem Gul, Shabana I. Khan, Tarek Abo Elfadl, Olivia R. Dale, Afeef S. Husni, Stephen J. Cutler, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, (2015) Synthesis and in vitro evaluation of ferutinol aryl esters for estrogenic activity and affinity toward cannabinoid receptors, Medicinal Chemistry Research, 24:2670–2678.

 

  • Tushar Hingorani & Goutham R. Adelli & Nagendra Punyamurthula & Waseem Gul & Mahmoud A. ElSohly & Michael A. Repka and Soumyajit Majumdar, (2013) Ocular Disposition of the Hemiglutarate Ester Prodrug of Δ9- Tetrahydrocannabinol from Various Ophthalmic Formulations, Pharmaceutical Research, August 2013, Volume 30, Issue 8, pp 2146-2156

 

  • Afeef S. Husni, Christopher R. McCurdy, Mohamed M. Radwan, Safwat A. Ahmed, Desmond Slade, Samir A. Ross, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, and Stephen J. Cutler (2013) Evaluation of Phytocannabinoids from High Potency Cannabis sativa using In Vitro Bioassays to Determine Structure-Activity Relationships for Cannabinoid Receptor 1 and Cannabinoid Receptor 2 Medicinal Chemistry Research, online.

 

  • Hingorani, T., W. Gul, ElSohly, M., Repeka, M., Majumdar, S. (2011). Effect of ion pairing on in vitro transcorneal permeability of a Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol prodrug: Potential in glaucoma therapy. J. Pharm. Sci. 2011 American Chemical Society (ACS).

 

  • Hippalgaonkar, K., Gul, W., ElSohly, M., Repka, M., Majumdar, S. (2011) Enhanced Solubility, Stability, and Transcorneal Permeability of Delta-8-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Presence of Cyclodextrins.  AAPS PharmSciTech, 1-9.

 

  • Amany Ibrahim, Mohamed Radwan, Safwat A. Ahmed, Desmond Slade, Samir A. Ross, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Ikhlas A. Khan, Microbial metabolism of cannflavin A and B from Cannabis sativa, Phytochemistry, 71(2010) 1014-1019.

 

  • Abir T.El-Alfy, Kelly Ivey, Keisha Robinson, Safwat Ahmed, Mohamed Radwan, Desmond Slade,  Ikhlas Khan, Mahmoud ElSohly, Samir Ross, Antidepressant-like effect of ∆9-Tetrahydrocannabinol and other Cannabinoids isolated from Cannabis sativa L., Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Journal, 95 (2010) 434-442.

 

  • Upadhye, S.B., Kulkarni, S.J., Majumdar, S., Avery, M.A., Gul, W., ElSohly, M.A., Repka, M.A., Preparation and characterization of inclusion complexes of a hemisuccinate ester Prodrug of ∆9-Tetrahydrocannabinol with modified beta-cyclodextrins, AAPS PharmSciTech, 2010, March 24.

 

  • Ahmed M. Galal, Desmond Slade, Waseem Gul, Abir T. El-Alfy, Daneel Ferreira and Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Naturally Occurring and Synthetic Cannabinoids and their Potential Therapeutic Applications. Recent Patents Reviews on CNS Drug Discovery, 4(2) 112-136, (2009).

 

  • Mohamed M. Radwan, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Desmond Slade, Safwat A. Ahmed, Ikhlas A. Khan and Samir A. Ross, Biologically Active Cannabinoids from High-Potency Cannabis sativa., J. Nat. Prod., 2009, 72, 906-911.

 

  • Desmond Slade, Ahmed M. Galal, Waseem Gul, Mohamed M. Radwan, Safwat A Ahmed, Shabana I. Khan, Babu L. Tekwani, Melissa R. Jacob, Samir A. Ross, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Antiprotozoal, anticancer and antimicrobial activities of dihydroartemisinin acetal dimmers and monomers., Bioorganic And Medicinal Chemistry, 17(23), 7949-7957 (2009).

 

  • Thumma, S., Majumdar, S., ElSohly, M.A., Gul, W., Repka, M.A., Chemical Stability and Bioadhesive Properties of an Ester Prodrug of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in Poly (Ethylene Oxide) Matrices: Effect of Formulation Additives, International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 362:126-132, 2008.

 

  • Munjal M, ElSohly MA, Repka MA; Chemical stabilization of a Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol pro-drug in polymeric matrix systems produced by a hot-melt method: Role of microenvironment pH, AAPS PharmSciTech, 7(3):71, 2006.

 

  • Huestis MA, ElSohly MA, Nebro W, Barnes A, Gustafson RA, Smith ML; Estimating time of last oral ingestion of Cannabis from plasma THC and THC-COOH concentrations, Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, 28(4):540-544, 2006.

 

  • Munjal M, Stodghill SP, ElSohly MA, Repka MA; Polymeric systems for amorphous Δ9-trahydrocannabinol produced by a hot-melt method Part I: Chemical and thermal stability during processing, J. Pharm. Sci., 95(8):1841-1853, 2006.

 

  • Repka MA, ElSohly MA, Munjal M, Ross SA; Temperature stability and bioadhesive properties of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol incorporated hydroxypropylcellulose polymer matrix systems, Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy, 32:21-32, 2006.

 

  • Ilan AB, Gevins A, Coleman M, ElSohly MA, de Wit H; Neurophysiological and subjective profile of marijuana with varying concentrations of cannabinoids, Behavioral Pharmacology, 16 (5&6): 487-496, 2005.

 

  • ElSohly, Mahmoud A., Wachtel, Stephen R., DeWit, Harriet, Cannabis versus THC: response to Russo and McPartland, Psychopharmacology (Berlin, Germany),(2003), 165(4), 433-434.

 

  • Wachtel SR, ElSohly MA, Ross SA, Ambre J, and de Witt, H. Comparison of the subjective effects of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol and marijuana in humans; Psychopharmacology, 161:331-339, 2002.

 

  • Broom SL, Sufka KJ, ElSohly MA, and Ross, SA; Analgesic and reinforcing properties of Δ9-THC-hemisuccinate in adjuvant-arthritic rats; J Cannabis Ther, 1(3/4):171-182, 2001.

 

  • Walker LA, Harland EC, Best AM, and ElSohly MA; Δ9-THC hemisuccinate in suppository form as an alternative to oral and smoked THC: Marihuana and Medicine, G.G. Nahas, et al, Eds. Humana Press, Inc., Totowa NJ, pp 123-135, 1999.

 

  • ElSohly MA; Feng S, Murphy T, Ross S, Nimrod A, Mehmedic Z, and Fortner N; Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (Δ9-THCV) as a marker for the ingestion of Cannabis vs. Marinol; J Anal Toxicol, 23:222-224, 1999.

 

  • Brenneisen R, Egli A, ElSohly MA, Henn V, and Spiess Y; The effect of orally and rectally administered Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol on spasticity: A pilot study with 2 patients; Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther, 34(10):446-452, 1996.

 

  • ElSohly MA, and Jones AB; Drug testing in the workplace: Could the positive test for one of the mandated drugs be for reasons other than illicit use of the drug? IN: Current Approaches in Forensic Toxicology, Society of Forensic Toxicologists, Chapter 13, 1994.

 

  • Mattes RD, Engelman K, Shaw LM, and ElSohly MA; Cannabinoids and Appetite Stimulation; Pharmacol Biochem Behav, 49(1):187-195, 1994.

 

  • ElSohly MA; Letter on issues in drug testing, College of William and Mary Law Review, 33(1):180-181, 1991.

 

  • Mattes RD, Shaw LM, Edling-Ownes J, Engelman K, and ElSohly MA; Bypassing the first-pass effect for the therapeutic use of cannabinoids; Pharmacol Biochem Behav, 44(3):745-747, 1993.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Little TL, Jr., Hikal A, Harland E, Stanford DF, and Walker L; Rectal bioavailability of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol from various esters; Pharmacol Biochem Behav, 40(3):497-502, 1991.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Stanford DF, Harland EC, Hikal AH, Walker LA, Little TL, Jr., Rider JN, and Jones AB; Rectal bioavailability of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol from the hemisuccinate ester in monkeys; J Pharm Sci, 80(10):942-945, 1991.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Jones AB, and ElSohly HN; Cross reactivity of selected compounds in the Abbott TDx Cannabinoid Assay, J Anal Toxicol, 14(5):277-279, 1990. (Reprinted for dissemination in Europe, December, 1991)

 

  • Silva BO, Cleary RW, ElSohly MA, Jones AB, and Kibbe AH; Kinetic study of the hydrolysis of Δ8-tetrahydrocannabinol hemisuccinate in semi-aqueous solvents; Arch Pharm Chem Sci Ed., 13:53-57, 1985.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Harland EC, Benigni DA, and Waller CW; Cannabinoids in glaucoma II: The effect of different cannabinoids on intraocular pressure of the rabbit; Curr Eye Res, 3(6): 841-850, 1984.

 

  • Waller CW, Benigni DA, Harland E, Bedford JA, Murphy JC, and ElSohly MA; Cannabinoids in glaucoma III: The effects of different cannabinoids on intraocular pressure in the monkey. The Cannabinoids: Chemical, Pharmacologic, and Therapeutic Aspects, R. Willette, et al., Eds.; Academic Press, 871-880, 1984.

 

  • ElSohly MA, ElSohly HN, and Turner CE; Cannabis: New constituents and their pharmacological action, Topics in Pharmaceutical Sciences, D. D. Breimer and P. Speiser, Eds., ElSevier Science Publishers, North Holland Biomedical Press, 429-440, 1983.

 

  • Watson ES, Murphy JC, ElSohly HN, ElSohly MA, and Turner CE; Effects of the administration of coca alkaloids on the primary immune responses of mice. Interaction with Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and ethanol; Toxicol Appl Pharmacol, 71:1-13, 1983.

 

  • Kapeghian JC, Jones AB, Murphy JC, ElSohly MA, and Turner CE; Effect of cannabichromene on hepatic microsomal enzyme activity in the mouse; Gen Pharmacol, 14(3):361-363, 1983.

 

  • ElSohly HN, Turner CE, Clark AM, and ElSohly MA; Synthesis and antimicrobial activities of certain cannabichromene and cannabigerol related compounds; J Pharm Sci, 71(12):1319-1323. 1982.

 

  • Hatoum NS, Davis WM, Waters IW, ElSohly MA, and Turner CE; Synergism of cannabichromene and CNS depressants in mice; Gen Pharmacol, 12:351-356, 1981.

 

  • Hatoum NS, Davis WM, ElSohly MA, and Turner CE; Cannabichromene and Δ9-tetra-hydrocannabinol: Interactions relative to lethality, hypothermia, and hexobarbital hypnosis; Gen Pharmacol, 12:357-362, 1981.

 

  • Jones AB, ElSohly MA, Bedford JA, and Turner CE; Determination of cannabidiol in plasma by electron-capture gas chromatography; J Chromatogr, 226:99-105, 1981.

 

  • Turner CE, Ma CY, Russell MH, and ElSohly MA; Analysis of micro-encapsulated d-limonene dimercaptan, a possible herbicide marker for Cannabis sprayed with paraquat, using gas chromatography; Bull Narc, 33(1):43-54, 1981.

 

  • Hatoum NS, Davis WM, ElSohly MA, and Turner CE; Perinatal exposure to cannabichromene and Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol: Separate and combined effects on viability of pups and on male reproductive system at maturity; Toxicol Letters, 8:141-146, 1981.

 

  • Turner CE, and ElSohly MA; Biological activity of cannabichromene its homologs and isomers; J Clin Pharmacol, 21:283S-291S, 1981.

 

  • ElSohly MA, Harland E, Murphy JC, Wirth P, and Waller CW; Cannabinoids in glaucoma: A primary screening procedure; J Clin Pharmacol, 21:472S-478S, 1981.

 

  • Wirth PW, Watson ES, ElSohly MA, Seidel R, Murphy JC, and Turner CE; Anti-inflammatory activity of cannabichromene homologs, Communications Section; J Pharm Sci, 69(11): 1359-1360, 1980.

 

  • Wirth PW, Watson ES, ElSohly MA, Turner CE, and Murphy JC; Anti-inflammatory properties of cannabichromene; Life Sci, 26(23):1991-1995, 1980.

Books

  • Suman Chandra, Hemant Lata and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2017) Cannabis sativa– Botany and Biotechnology, Springer International Publishing.

 

  • Brian Thomas and Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2016) The Analytical Chemistry of Cannabis – Quality Assessment, Assurance, and Regulation of Medicinal Marijuana and Cannabinoid Preparations, Elsevier Press.

 

  • Mahmoud A. ElSohly (2007) Marijuana and Cannabinoids, Humana Press Inc.